Britische Universitäten auf Tour in Deutschland

Denken Sie darüber nach, in England, Nordirland, Schottland oder Wales zu studieren? Dann sollten Sie unsere Hochschulmessen nicht verpassen.

Im Januar 2018 präsentieren sich 30 britische Universitäten bei den Messen in Düsseldorf, Hannover, Hamburg und Berlin. Dort bietet sich Ihnen die Gelegenheit, mit Vertretern der Universitäten zu reden und mehr über das Studienangebot herauszufinden. Auf dieser Seite erfahren Sie, wann und wo die nächste Hochschulmesse in Ihrer Nähe stattfindet und lesen Sie mehr über die teilnehmenden britischen Universitäten. 

Die Anmeldung für unsere Hochschulmessen ist nicht verpflichtend, aber wenn Sie sich anmelden, können Sie einen IELTS-Test gewinnen. Hier erfahren Sie mehr.


Montag, 22. Januar 2018: Düsseldorf

11:00 – 15:00: Hochschule Düsseldorf

Campus Derendorf, Gebäude 4, Foyer und 1. Etage, Münsterstr. 156, 40476 Düsseldorf

Dienstag, 23. Januar 2018: Hannover

11:00 – 15:00: BIZ (Berufsinformationszentrum)

Agentur für Arbeit Hannover, Brühlstr. 4 und Escherstr. 17, 30169 Hannover 

Mittwoch, 24. Januar 2018: Hamburg

10:30 -14:30: Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Hamburg

Lichthof, Von-Melle-Park 3 (Zugang auch über Grindelallee), 20146 Hamburg

Donnerstag, 25. Januar 2018: Berlin

11:00 - 15:00: bbw Berlin 

Bildungswerk der Wirtschaft in Berlin und Brandenburg, Am Schillertheater 2, 10625 Berlin

Teilnehmende Universitäten (Änderungen bis Ende November 2017 möglich, Informationen in englischer Sprache):

Aston University

Founded in 1895 and a University since 1966, Aston is a well-established research-led university known for its world-class teaching quality and strong links to industry, government and commerce. Aston University is located in the centre of Birmingham, the UK’s largest city outside London and one of Europe’s liveliest and most welcoming cities.

 Aston has been a leading university for graduate employment success for over 25 years. The University is consistently ranked in the top 10 UK universities for graduate employment and in the UK's top 30 universities in the annual newspaper rankings confirming our place amongst the elite.  

Aston's four Schools of Study offer a range of undergraduate and postgraduate degree programmes in Sciences, Business & Management, Engineering and Social Sciences and also engages with the public and private sectors to develop tailored Foundation Degree programmes.  From September 2018, an exciting new phase in our development occurs when Aston Medical School will open to offer undergraduate and Postgraduate degrees in Medicine.   

Our friendly, diverse and safe 40 acre city-centre campus houses all the university's academic, social and accommodation facilities for our 12,000 students. Find out more by coming to speak to us during our visit to Germany, visiting our website or joining us at one of our Open Days throughout the year.

Visit the website of Aston University

Cardiff University

Founded in 1883, Cardiff is established as one of Britain’s leading universities. Based in the thriving city of Cardiff, we welcome students from more than 100 countries worldwide. You can choose from a number of undergraduate and postgraduate courses that you can tailor to your own ambitions & interests. Many of our programmes benefit from a significant vocational and professional content, while others offer you the opportunity for a period of attachment to industry to gain experience and expertise.

Why Choose Cardiff?
Career Prospects - Our graduates are among the most sought-after by employers. 94% of Cardiff graduates are in full time employment or academic study 6 months after graduation (2014/5). 
Leaders in Research - Our students are able to study in an exciting, research-intensive environment and interact with leading scholars in their field. Our research embraces all aspects of the human and natural world. 
Flexible Degree Structures - From delaying your final UG degree choice until the end of the first year, to tailoring your degree to suit your interests to taking a year abroad or in industry, our ultimate aim is to offer you flexibility. 
Investment – The University may date from 1883, but it is focused on the 21st century, and has modern state-of-the-art buildings and facilities to offer its student body.
Great location – based in the capital city of Wales, the University is just a short walk away from the vibrant centre of Cardiff with its beautiful parks and gardens and lively social scene.

Visit the website of Cardiff University

University of East Anglia

Everything we do at UEA from investing in our campus, to undertaking ground-breaking research, is done with the intent of giving our students everything they need to thrive. UEA is part of one of the largest scientific communities in Europe and our research regularly makes headlines - and a real-world impact - all around the globe.

We lead the way in fields as diverse as climate change, social work, creative writing, international development, food science and much more. At UEA our students are taught by world experts who are leading the way in their fields and who are dedicated to helping them achieve their potential.

Visit the website of the University of East Anglia

University of East London

The University of East London offers world-class teaching and learning facilities. 

Ranked among the top universities in the UK for investment per student in facilities, we offer well designed teaching facilities, including top-quality laboratories, superbly equipped computer suites and high-tech libraries open 24/7 in term time. Students will also be able to use professional standard performance studios and workshops, a multimedia production centre, clinical education centre and our renowned Knowledge Dock.

Our world-class SportsDock complex at our Docklands campus was used by Team USA as their training base before the London Olympics and Paralympics. It includes indoor and outdoor pitches and courts, dance and aerobic studios, a martial arts studio and a huge, super-modern gymnasium.

Visit the website of the University of East London

University of Essex

Essex has a long history of welcoming students from around the world to our campuses close to London. We provide students with much more than a degree - we encourage them to ask questions, challenge convention and have an impact on the world around us.

Our students agree, voting us top 10 in the UK for student satisfaction for three years in a row. We encourage a “living and learning” environment where students can widen their experience by studying abroad or learning a language for no extra cost.

Essex is proud to have the highest-rated politics department in the country, be top 5 for Social Science and top 20 for research.

Join Nobel Prize-winners, award-winning directors, presidents, astronauts, and over 75,000 other alumni who've gone on to shape the world. 


Visit the website of the University of Essex

Glasgow Caledonian University

Glasgow Caledonian University (GCU) is a vibrant, innovative and multi-award winning university, committed to the common good. Our focus on employability, leadership and responsibility enables our graduates to excel in a global market. We have become one of the largest universities in Scotland with nearly 20,000 students from more than 100 countries, and our cutting edge campus is self–contained and situated in the heart of the friendly and welcoming city of Glasgow. 


•           95% of graduates in employment or further study within 6 months (DLHE 2014) 

•           1st in Scotland for international student support and visa advice (ISB, Summer 2014) 

•           Top modern university in Scotland by research power (REF 2014) 

•           International scholarships of up to £2500 available 

•           Nearly 20,000 students from over 100 countries 

•           City center campus 

•           World-class teaching facilities  

•           Dedicated English language & academic preparation sessions

Visit the website of Glasgow Caledonian University 

Goldsmiths, University of London

Specialising in the arts, humanities, management and social sciences, our unique interdisciplinary approach, extensive industry links and support with placement opportunities helps your degree stand out from the crowd. 

State-of-the-art facilities include a brand new Student Support Centre and the New Academic Building that houses the latest media technology, situated in and beside beautiful Grade II-listed buildings, an extensive library and a large campus green. And as part of the prestigious University of London for over a century, you have access to a wealth of resources at other institutions across London. 

One fifth of our students are from overseas, adding a global flavour to our already diverse campus life. Combined with our award-winning Student Union, enough clubs and societies to ensure you are spoiled for choice, and transport connections that take you to the heart of the capital in five minutes, Goldsmiths is the complete university experience.

Visit the website of Goldsmiths, University of London

University of Hertfordshire

The University of Hertfordshire is an ambitious and entrepreneurial University and was recently awarded the prestigious Times Higher Education ‘Entrepreneurial University of the Year’ award.

It is the country’s leading business-facing university with a strong focus on the employability of graduates. It provides students with the knowledge, practical skills and experience that employers look for, giving them the best chance of career success. Producing highly employable graduates who are in demand for their knowledge, skills and competence.


First class facilities, over 500 courses to choose from and a fantastic location make the University of Hertfordshire the ideal choice for students. 


Visit the website of the University of Hertfordshire

Keele University

Number one for student satisfaction (National Student Survey, 2014, 2015 & 2016) students come to Keele University because of our academic reputation, courses which are relevant to careers, the excellence of our research and training, and our beautiful and spacious campus. Situated in North Staffordshire, between Manchester and Birmingham and only 90 minutes from London by train, Keele University has the largest single site campus in the UK with over 600 acres of landscaped parkland, fields, woodlands and lakes.  The campus is self-contained with student residences, teaching buildings, the Library, restaurant and cafes, the Students’ Union, shops, a bank, sports centre and a health centre. The campus has a genuine, friendly student and staff community.


Keele degrees are taught through three Faculties: Health, Humanities and Social Sciences and Natural Sciences. Undergraduates can study two subjects in the University's dual honours system or alternatively focus their studies in a single honours degree. Study Abroad options are available enabling students to spend a semester or year at one of Keele’s partner institutions in Africa, America, Asia, Australia, Canada or Europe.


Masters programmes are typically one year taught courses and are available in a wide range of subject areas including Biomedical Engineering, Computer Science, Finance, Environment and Sustainability, Humanities, International Relations, Law, Management, Physiotherapy and Psychology.


In the most recent national Research Excellence Framework (2014), 97% of our research was classified as world leading, or of international importance. Keele University was ranked 6th in the UK for high quality staff and lectures and 13th for student experience in Times Higher Student Experience Survey 2014.


Visit the website of Keele University

Lancaster University

Lancaster University is a top 10 UK university and is consistently ranked in the global top 1%. Students at Lancaster University are more satisfied with their course than the average UK student according to the latest National Student Survey, in which the University achieved 91% on the overall satisfaction score, placing it firmly amongst the top 10 UK universities. These results reflect the dedication of staff who work hard to ensure that every student who comes here will receive the very best education.


Lancaster is a campus based university located in a beautiful, historic city in the north of England, situated close to Manchester International Airport and the stunning scenery of the Lake District. With over 12,000 students from over 100 nationalities, over 20% of our students are from overseas giving Lancaster a diverse and international environment.

We have the best student accommodation in the UK, and have won ‘Best University Halls’ in the National Student Housing Survey six years running. All students are guaranteed accommodation on campus in their first year.


You can study a wide range of subjects at both undergraduate and postgraduate level including:  Law, Psychology, Contemporary Arts, Politics and International Relations, Management and Business (including Accounting & Finance, HR, Economics), Environmental and Natural Sciences, English Language, Linguistics, English Literature and Creative Writing and many others.


Visit the website of Lancaster University

University of Lincoln

At Lincoln, the satisfaction of our students comes first. That is why we are ranked among the best in the UK for student satisfaction in the latest NSS survey, and why nine out of ten of our most recent graduates were in work or further study six months after finishing their course, with two thirds in graduate level roles. We offer world-class degree programmes in a campus full of state-of-the-art facilities, taught by staff who are leading experts in their fields.

The University has established an international reputation for the quality of teaching and research, with academics and students working together on major projects across areas as varied as cancer treatment, water conservation and low-carbon technology.

Lincoln is in the top 10 nationally for overall student satisfaction as ranked by our students in the National Student Survey 2016*. Several of our courses rank number one for their subject areas. Lincoln is also ranked in the top 10 of The Times and Sunday Times Good University Guide 2017 for both teaching quality and student experience. 

The University of Lincoln’s award-winning campus provides a modern, student-centered environment on the picturesque Brayford Pool marina. With its medieval castle and one of the finest cathedrals in Europe, Lincoln is steeped in history and home to galleries, cinemas, shopping, restaurants, bars and nightclubs. 

When you join us, you become part of a thriving academic community, live and learn in a safe, historic city, and graduate with exceptional career prospects.

* Based on mean average score for Question 22 of NSS 2016 out of 128 league table institutions.

Visit the website of the University of Lincoln

London Metropolitan University

London Metropolitan University has a rich history with strong educational roots dating back to 1848. We offer an international and diverse learning environment with support for you at every step of your course and you will benefit from high quality teaching, excellent facilities, as well as having the advantages of studying in Central London. The University believes in offering courses of quality, in a vibrant socially diverse environment, which will help launch your career. 
Why choose London Met?
1. An international study experience in the heart of London – We are one of the UK’s most diverse universities with students from over 170 different countries.
2. A career investment – “Number one for graduate starting salaries among modern universities in the UK.” Sunday Times University Guide 2013.
3. Many courses start in January – We have hundreds of courses starting in January at both undergraduate and postgraduate level offering you flexibility.
4. High quality, supportive teaching – “One of the Top 10 universities for teaching hours” The Telegraph, 2013. 
London Met is a forward thinking university with an excellent history of working with a large number of academic and corporate institutions. We have developed areas within faculties which help to support talented students and graduates with developing real business experience. 
"London Met's Big Idea Challenge, offered funding and support to student entrepreneurs who came up with the best business idea to address issues including sustainability, creativity, technology and health. I'm so happy to receive this prize! It gives me even more motivation to go ahead with my project. Being part of the Big Idea Challenge has been very exciting since the beginning." Giorgia Bacco, MSc International Marketing Communications, Winner of the 2014 Bid Idea Challenge 
"The degree obtained from London Met has certainly helped me to obtain a legal internship at the United Nations Office on drugs and crime in Vienna, which I am currently undertaking." Mariano Juan Tenca, MSc Criminology
Visit the website to find out more.

London School of Economics (LSE)

The London School of Economics and Political Science (LSE) is the world’s leading dedicated social science institution. Founded in 1895, the School enjoys a global reputation for academic excellence and cutting edge research, and is consistently ranked among the very best universities in the world for social science studies. LSE offers a diverse range of subjects at bachelor’s, master’s and PhD levels, covering everything from Anthropology to Statistics. Our students are taught by expert faculty, and link research-based knowledge to real-world issues. 

LSE’s identity and character are closely linked with our location in the heart of London, which enables close relationships with national government, international organisations, global businesses and the financial institutions of the City of London. Our students are part of a vibrant and stimulating community from over 140 countries, and enjoy student societies representing hundreds of different interests and national groups. The School’s graduates continue to be in great demand and our alumni can be found in senior professional positions around the world. 


Visit the website of the LSE

The University of Manchester

The University of Manchester is one of the most respected institutions worldwide, set in one of the UK’s most exciting cities. Our research output placed us fifth in the UK for research power in the most recent Research Assessment Exercise, while in the 2015 Shanghai Jiao Tong university world ranking, we were placed 35th.

We offer a wide range of subjects, and currently have around 9,000 overseas students enrolled from over 154 countries. Once you graduate, we will do all we can to support you; last year, 91% of our graduates went straight into employment or further study.

Visit the website of the University of Manchester

Middlesex University

Middlesex University London was established in 1882 and since then has grown to be one of the most progressive universities in the United Kingdom with students from over 140 countries choosing to study at our London campus. 


We are also one of  Britain’s most globalised universities with campuses in Dubai, Mauritius and Malta, as well as regional offices and partners in dozens of other countries. In 2016 the prestigious Times’s Higher Education Rankings ranked Middlesex in its list of the Top 200 most international universities in the world.

Visit the website of Middlesex University

New College of the Humanities

Founded in 2011, New College of the Humanities (NCH) is based in Bloomsbury, the academic heart of London. It offers an award-winning, liberal arts-inspired undergraduate curriculum, taught through one-to-one tutorials and small classes, combined with exceptional professional skills development.

At New College of the Humanities, undergraduate students choose a combined honours degree comprising a ‘major’ subject and a complementary ‘minor’. Majors are available in Art History, Economics, English, Geography*, History, Philosophy and Politics & International Relations (*Geography expected 2017, subject to validation). A single honours Law LLB is also available.

All the above subjects are available as minors, with the exception of Law. In addition, NCH offers an exciting new minor in Creative Writing, as well as the popular 'trio combinations' of PPE (Philosophy, Politics and Economics) and PPH (Philosophy, Politics and History).

All undergraduate students combine their degree studies with the broad liberal arts-inspired NCH Diploma. This comprises courses in Critical Reasoning, Science Literacy and Applied Ethics, as well as LAUNCH, a three-year professional development programme designed to equip you with the transferable skills needed by graduate employers.

With only 150 students across all three years, NCH offers an exceptional learning experience. Teaching is delivered through weekly one-to-one tutorials led by qualified, inspiring and experienced academics who have a passion for teaching, leading to student satisfaction levels surpassing those of other institutions. 

All students benefit from lectures delivered by NCH’s world-class professoriate, which includes Simon Blackburn, Richard Dawkins, Daniel C Dennett, AC Grayling, Lawrence Krauss, Steven Pinker, Sir Christopher Ricks, and Adrian Zuckerman. Between them, they deliver approximately 100 lectures in each academic year, giving students at NCH access to some of the world’s greatest thinkers.

New College of the Humanities was awarded 'Best Course & Lecturers’ at the 2015 Whatuni? Student Choice Awards, and came fourth in the overall ‘University of the Year’ category. The College has recently launched its first postgraduate programme, the Historical Research & Public History MA, and plans to launch additional postgraduate courses.

To find out more, visit the website of New College of the Humanities

University of Portsmouth

The University of Portsmouth is at the heart of a vibrant waterfront city just 90 minutes from London. Ranked 43 in the Guardian’s 2017 league table, we are committed to transforming your future and ensuring you have the best possible experience here.

The University offers a range of Bachelor’s, Masters’ and Research degree options over five faculties. Bursaries and scholarships are available to self-funded international students from many countries (conditions apply). At Portsmouth, we are proud to put teaching first. This shows because our courses are designed to meet the demands of employers with many offering integrated paid work placements. Studying at Portsmouth will provide you with the knowledge and life skills to develop your career.

We are dedicated to making sure you get the most out of your university experience. We offer a range of both academic and personal support tailored to your needs. There are also free modern language courses available to our first year students. Portsmouth is a great place to both live and learn – a University committed to transforming your future in a city with a distinct culture full of attitude and passion.

Visit the website of the University of Portsmouth

Queen Mary University of London

Visit the Website of Queen Mary University

Royal Agricultural University

The Royal Agricultural University (RAU) has been at the forefront of land-based education since 1845. Our historic campus in the Cotswold countryside is a stimulating and unique learning environment that also hosts a thriving array of events, clubs and societies to enrich student life. The RAU is currently home to a diverse community of more than 1200 students.

We offer career-focused undergraduate and postgraduate degrees that are constantly updated to meet the demands of the market both UK and worldwide; bridging the gap between academic knowledge and practical experience. Students at the RAU benefit from impressive industry contacts, staff expertise and a powerful network of 14,000 active alumni; positioned across the globe and keen to help fellow graduates achieve career success.

Undergraduate subjects include International Business Management, Equine, Agriculture, Food Production and Supply Management, Rural Land Management, Real Estate, Environment and Wildlife conservation. Strong industry links are reflected in the high calibre of work placements offered to students and our graduate employability rate at 95%.

The RAU offers a unique set of postgraduate programmes in disciplines as varied as Sustainable Agriculture and Food Security, Agricultural Technology and Innovation, Business Management, Agribusiness, Food Safety and Quality Management, Real Estate and Rural Estate Management, matched by an extensive choice of research areas at Masters and Doctoral level. 

Set in 25 acres of beautiful grounds, the campus is steeped in history and tradition. Our relatively small size provides a real sense of community amongst students and staff, one that both develops and encourages students from all backgrounds to achieve their ambitions.

Visit the website of Royal Agricultural University

Royal Holloway, University of London

Royal Holloway, University of London, is ranked in the top 30 of all UK universities.  Through the dedication of our teachers, discoveries that change the world and the feel of the Royal Holloway experience, ours is a community that will inspire you to succeed academically, socially and personally.

Our university was founded by two social reformers who pioneered the ideal of education and knowledge for all who could benefit. Their vision lives on today. As one of the UK’s leading research intensive universities, we are home to some of the world’s foremost authorities in the sciences, arts, business, economics and law. As teachers and researchers they change lives, expand minds and help current and future leaders understand power and responsibility.  Students and academics travel from all over the world to study and work here, ensuring a global perspective within a close knit, safe and historic campus.

Visit the website of Royal Holloway

School of Oriental and African Studies (SOAS)

SOAS University of London is the only Higher Education institution in Europe specialising in the study of Asia, Africa and the Near and Middle East.

SOAS is a remarkable institution. Uniquely combining language scholarship, disciplinary expertise and regional focus, it has the largest concentration in Europe of academic staff concerned with Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

On the one hand, this means that SOAS scholars grapple with pressing issues - democracy, development, human rights, identity, legal systems, poverty, religion, social change - confronting two-thirds of humankind  while at the same time remaining guardians of specialised knowledge in languages and periods and regions not available anywhere else in the UK.

SOAS is synonymous with intellectual enquiry and achievement. As a global academic base and a crucial resource for London, SOAS is distinctively positioned to analyse, understand and explain some of the most challenging issues facing us in the world today.


Our academic focus on the languages, cultures and societies of Africa, Asia and the Middle East makes us an indispensable interpreter in a complex world.

Visit the website of SOAS

University of South Wales

The University of South Wales is a major UK player with international strengths and applied research that informs real decisions.

One of the largest universities in the UK, offering students excellent opportunities and prospects for the future. Our size means we can offer an exceptional range of subjects and courses from Foundation Degree to PhD. Our 4,500 international students benefit from superb courses, facilities and support, as well as our growing reputation as a major university for jobs and employers.

The University has campuses throughout South Wales, in Cardiff, Newport and Pontypridd. Our locations mean you can enjoy everything the region has to offer – city life and culture, stunning beaches and breathtaking countryside.

Visit the website of the University of South Wales

University of Southampton

The University of Southampton is one of the world’s top 100 universities, and combines academic excellence with an innovative and entrepreneurial approach to teaching and research. Located on the south coast of England, just over one hour outside of London, Southampton offers an ideal learning environment on an idyllic campus.

Southampton has a wide range of subjects including Law, Maritime, Management, Engineering, Humanities, Sciences and Medicine. Over 20% of our students are from outside of the UK, making us a great international student community. Additionally, Southampton’s own European airport provides easy access to many of Europe’s major cities.

Visit the website of the University of Southampton

St Mary's University, Twickenham

St Mary’s University is a modern, friendly institution with a caring atmosphere, a strong academic record and high student satisfaction rates. Our mission is to provide a high quality academic and professional education, inspired by our Catholic ethos and values as London’s only Catholic University.  

Students of St Mary's benefit from over 165 years of tradition and expertise in teaching at our historic and scenic Strawberry Hill campus based in Twickenham, London. With a campus based in Greater London, St Mary’s is both local and global. The local area is beautiful, safe and green with Richmond, Kingston, great parks and the River Thames nearby. Excellent rail links mean that Central London is only 30 minutes away so you enjoy all the advantages of a perfect location - a personal, self-contained campus community experience in a world renowned city. 

Visit the website of St Mary's University

University of Stirling

The University of Stirling is a unique institution – a beautiful, international seat of learning in the historic centre of Scotland.
We offer a fantastically supportive environment for students of all nationalities, ages and backgrounds; with enviably high rates of student satisfaction.

The University has been ranked in the top 2.5% of global higher education institutions.* We are one of the UK’s leading research universities in the fields of health and wellbeing, the environment and people, culture and society, enterprise and the economy, and sport, with our work recognised across the globe.

Our degrees offer unrivalled flexibility, where you will be actively encouraged to study across a range of disciplines, providing a breadth of experience that is internationally recognised. (*QS World University Rankings, 2013)

Visit the website of the University of Stirling

Teesside University

Teesside University, in the heart of North East England, offers a truly international experience. People from all over the world are attracted by our innovative courses, excellent academic facilities and internationally-recognised qualifications. International students rank us number one in the world for personal tutors and in the top three globally for overall satisfaction with the learning experience.* 


We focus on helping you develop the knowledge and skills which will enhance your career potential. This is why international students rank us first in the UK for careers advice and in the top three in the UK for employability.*


We have invested £260m into our new campus, creating world-class teaching facilities, and a safe and friendly place for you to focus on your study. 


We are located in Middlesbrough, one of the most affordable places in the UK. The region is famous for beautiful countryside, historic towns and a long coastline.  London, Manchester or Edinburgh are under three hours away by train. York and Leeds are just over an hour away.


Visit the website of Teesside University


University College London (UCL)

UCL is a multi-disciplinary university in the heart of London, ranked seventh in the world and third in Europe in the QS World University Rankings 2016/17. It is surrounded by the greatest concentration of libraries, museums, and professional bodies in Europe. Our estate combines beautiful historic buildings with modern, state-of-the-art facilities. UCL’s cutting-edge research feeds directly into our degrees; with programmes often taught by academics that are world-leaders in their fields.


UCL is London’s global university and benefits from a diverse staff and student population from over 150 countries. 

Visit the website of UCL

University of Warwick

Visit the website of the University of Warwick


Weitere Informationen zu den Hochschulmessen erhalten Sie von Martin Spiess.